Runtime Adapters and TLS

Runtime Adapters

Let's talk a little more about that trillium_smol::run line we've been writing. Trillium itself is built on futures (futures-lite, specifically). In order to run it, it needs an adapter to an async runtime. There there are four of these currently:

Although we've been using the smol adapter in these docs thus far, you should use whichever runtime you prefer. If you expect to have a dependency on async-std or tokio anyway, you might as well use the adapter for that runtime. If you're new to async rust or don't have an opinion, I recommend starting with trillium_smol. It is easy to switch trillium between runtimes at any point.

12-Factor by default, but overridable

Trillium seeks to abide by a 12 factor approach to configuration, accepting configuration from the environment wherever possible. The number of configuration points that can be customized through environment variables will likely increase over time.

To run trillium on a different host or port, either provide a HOST and/or PORT environment variables, or compile the specific values into the application as follows:

pub fn main() {
    trillium_smol::config()
        .with_port(1337)
        .with_host("127.0.0.1")
        .run(|conn: trillium::Conn| async move { conn.ok("hello world") })
}

In addition to accepting the HOST and PORT configuration from the environment, on cfg(unix) systems, trillium will also pick up a LISTEN_FD environment variable for use with catflap/systemfd. On cfg(unix) systems, if the HOST begins with ., /, or ~, it is interpreted as a path and bound as a unix domain socket.

For more documentation on the default values and what configuration can be chained onto config(), see trillium_server_common::Config.

TLS / HTTPS

With the exception of aws lambda, which provides its own tls termination at the load balancer, each of the above servers can be combined with either rustls or native-tls.

Rustls:

rustdocs (main)

use trillium::Conn;
use trillium_rustls::RustlsAcceptor;

const KEY: &[u8] = include_bytes!("./key.pem");
const CERT: &[u8] = include_bytes!("./cert.pem");

pub fn main() {
    env_logger::init();
    trillium_smol::config()
        .with_acceptor(RustlsAcceptor::from_pkcs8(CERT, KEY))
        .run(|conn: Conn| async move { conn.ok("ok") });
}

Native tls:

rustdocs (main)

use trillium::Conn;
use trillium_native_tls::NativeTlsAcceptor;

pub fn main() {
    env_logger::init();
    let acceptor = NativeTlsAcceptor::from_pkcs12(include_bytes!("./identity.p12"), "changeit");
    trillium_smol::config()
        .with_acceptor(acceptor)
        .run(|conn: Conn| async move { conn.ok("ok") });
}